Astaxanthin has been shown to be a powerful quencher of singlet oxygen activity in in vitro studies (DiMascio et al. 1990; Miki 1991), and is a strong scavenger of oxygen free radicals, at least 10 times stronger than beta-carotene (Miki 1991). Experiments with red blood cells and mitochondria from rats have shown that Astaxanthin is 100 times more effective at inhibiting lipid peroxidation than is vitamin E (Miki 1991).
The results of these in vitro studies were confirmed in vivo with rats given dietary supplements of Astaxanthin and subjected to oxidizing agents (Miki 1991). The anti-oxidative properties of Astaxanthin have been demonstrated in a number of different biological membranes.
(Kurashige et al. 1990; Palozza and Krinsky 1992; Oshima et al. 1993; Nakagawa et al. 1997). Other tests have shown that Astaxanthin is up to 1000 times more powerful than Vitamin E (Tso, 1996).
Potential Role in Maintaining: Potential Role in Maintaining:
- Improvement of Eye Strain & Accommodation
- Limits Exercised Induced Muscle Damage
- Improvement in Visual Activity & Endurance
Tocotrienols complex are a fractional and concentrated extract of Vitamin E. Vitamin E is a collective term for a mixture of 8 naturally occurring lipid soluble isomers (4 Tocopherols and 4 Tocotrienols).
Tocotrienols obtained naturally from palm fruit, rice bran, barley and wheat malt, but only in small quantities.
Potential Role in Maintaining:
- Cardiovascular Health
- Oxidative Damaged Skin
Clinical study results